Knowledge about a country's key ecosystems is a national priority for scientific research to formulate a science policy that encourages the generation of knowledge to fill gaps in information. We present the results of an exhaustive bibliographical review that exposes the current state of knowledge of the coastal dunes of Mexico. 47% of scientific research focuses on the study of plant ecology, mainly on the Atlantic coast. Veracruz stands out as the coastal state with the highest number of sites studied (86). The distribution of 844 species of plants and 166 of animals has been published and 400 biotic interactions have been identified that show their importance in the reproductive success of plants and in the processes of plant succession. Research shows anthropogenic development as the main stressor on dune ecosystems. It concludes the need to use some biodiversity variables as indicators to monitor the effects of climate change and human development on the integrity and functioning of the coasts. This allows hypothesis where it is integrated to the socioeconomic development and its impact on the environment, and the strategies for the conservation and management of these dynamic environments.