Hand, foot and mouth disease

Treatment

If your child is very irritable or refuses food or drink, you should take it to your pediatrician. Since hand, foot and mouth disease has no medical cure (this is a disease that must be continued), the pediatrician may recommend that the child stay home so that he or she feels more comfortable during the process of recovery.

Paracetamol or ibuprofen can also be given to relieve discomfort and irritability, as well as relieve pain from mouth ulcers or sores and fever-related discomfort. But do not give Aspirin ® (acetylsalicylic acid) to children or adolescents, as this medication could cause a very unusual but serious illness called Reye's syndrome.

Children who have problems swallowing can prescribe them a "magic mouthwash," a mixture made by the pharmacist that can be applied to tapeworms over the sores to relieve pain. Cold foods, such as ice cream and polos, also help numb the aching areas and will be very welcome to those children who have difficulty swallowing (and also for those who do not!)

children with blisters on their hands and / or feet should keep these areas well cleaned and uncovered. Wash your hands with soap and warm water and pat them dry. If a blister burst, you should apply a little antibiotic ointment on it to prevent infection and then cover it with a small dressing.

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Hand, foot and mouth disease usually goes away after several days to a week and children usually recover completely. In rare instances, it can develop into complications such as viral meningitis (infection of the fluid around the brain and spinal cord) or encephalitis (infection and inflammation of the brain).

Preventing infection < / h3>

There is no vaccine to prevent hand, foot and mouth disease. It is a contagious infection that spreads through contact with the feces, saliva, mucus of the nose or the liquid contained in the blisters. Have your child stay at home, without attending school or daycare, as long as he has a fever or open blisters, both on the skin and in the mouth.

Even after a child has recovered of the disease, can transmit the virus through the feces for several weeks, and can spread the infection to other people.

Washing your hands thoroughly is the best protection. Remind all members of your family to wash their hands well and do it frequently, especially after using the toilet or changing diapers to a baby and also before preparing and / or eating food. Toys that are shared in nurseries should often be cleaned with a disinfectant because there are many viruses that can live on those objects for several days.

  • Adam Floyd