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What is Emotional Intelligence? Emotional intelligence, according to Daniel Goleman (American psychologist who popularized this term), is the ability of a person to handle a range of skills and attitudes, including:

  • Recognize the emotions of others
  • Establish positive relationships with other people

This description gives us great clues as to what paths we should follow in children's education, since it is essential that we be educated in the acquisition of all these aspects mentioned from an early age. Studies after studies show that having well-developed emotional intelligence is at least as important as having a high IQ, especially as this is the basis for our children to become responsible, attentive, creative adults. and with high self-esteem.


During childhood, emotions are felt with great intensity, fear is atrocious and anger or frustration overflows our children / provoking tantrums and tantrums in the little ones, that the adults in many occasions, we do not know how to handle.

Although it is difficult for adults to control their emotions at certain times, this control is even more complicated for children as they lack similar prior experiences and coping strategies.

People, we are emotional beings, we can not separate ourselves from our emotional states. Emotions determine much of our daily work, determine our behavior and our thoughts. Emotions are something natural in human beings, it is something inherent to us, and it is what makes us also more human.

In developing the emotional intelligence of our children we give them the resources so that they can manage their emotions in an appropriate way and thus can experience them, without repressing them, recognizing them and letting them go and fulfill their function. It is about controlling them before they control us.

The importance of emotional education is indisputable, as it provides them with the emotional resources for an emotional management that guarantees their well-being. As with any learning, emotions will determine our way of facing life. Emotion-thought-action, are three closely related elements, present in everything we do daily. The understanding and control of emotions may be essential for our integration into society, but if this fails, we become misfits, frustrated and unhappy.

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Children are the moment when they are best acquired. learning and managing emotions is a fundamental learning to be found in everything we do impregnated with emotion.

Emotional education is fundamental to ensure the present and future well-being of our children. A bad management of emotions, especially those that we call negative (sadness, fear, anger, disgust ...) are the roots of malaise and various emotional problems (low self-esteem, insecurity, etc ...) is for that reason that to teach them to identify those emotions and to let them fulfill their function as well as to work that which takes us to feel this way and to look for forms of expression, of exit that help us is essential. In this way they develop the ability to control their emotions and not let themselves be controlled by them. They will be the owners of their actions and will learn to feel without fear, from the understanding and the encounter with oneself.

Emotional education is a priority in today's societies, where education is dehumanized, often dehumanized. Where we care about other aspects not inherent to people, which often makes us into objects. And we leave aside something as basic and as human as our emotions.

Parents are vital in the process of educating children's emotional intelligence, because if parents are unreasonable, act by impulse and do not recognize what they feel, children will react in the same way. It is necessary to teach the little ones not to be ashamed of what they feel, so that they can express good or bad feelings.

If as parents, teachers or educators we get our children or students to learn to know themselves identifying their emotions and those of others, while teaching them to better manage their emotional reactions, we are equipping them with the necessary skills to take the reins of their lives and to make decisions in a more responsible way. Something especially important when they reach adolescence, a stage of transition and changes in which they must face the great pressures exerted by their reference group.

All the capacities that we must foster and educate, is part of our educational work, as parents, teachers or educators we have the obligation to provide the necessary tools to our children or students to learn the social-emotional skills that are required to grow as people. Skills learned by imitation or trial and error

sources: webpage educapeques, Celia Rodríguez Ruiz (psychologist and pedagogue)

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  • Adam Floyd