Campylobacter infections

How can Campylobacter infections be diagnosed?

Doctors can send a stool sample to the laboratory to see if it contains bacteria of the genus Campylobacter . They may also request other laboratory tests, especially if there is blood in the stool. If necessary, a blood test is requested to confirm the bacteremia.

How are Campylobacter infections treated?

Most children with Campylobacter infections is recovered without the need for medication. Sometimes the doctor may prescribe antibiotics, especially if the child is very young or if their symptoms are severe or long-lasting. Children should take antibiotics following the medication schedule and for as long as the doctor tells them to make sure the infection has spread. Do not use any over-the-counter diarrhea medication without your child's doctor's approval

After the doctor sees you, most children with Campylobacter infections recover at home, especially when they do not show signs of being dehydrated. They should drink plenty of fluids during the course of diarrhea and should be carefully monitored by an adult for signs of dehydration. Children with mild diarrhea who are not dehydrated should continue to eat normally and drink plenty of fluids. Fruit juices and soft drinks can make diarrhea worse and therefore should be avoided. If your child is dehydrated, your doctor may recommend giving you an oral rehydration solution. Breastfed babies who contract a campylobacteriosis should continue to breastfeed throughout the disease.

To prevent Campylobacter infections, use potable water that has been tested and approved for human consumption (especially in developing countries), and buy only pasteurized milk and juices. When you go camping or hiking, do not drink water from streams or from places near grazing areas.

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Wash your hands thoroughly before preparing food and after touching raw meat, especially the that is of bird. Kill bacteria that contain meats and eggs by cooking them well and eating them while they are hot. Put the food leftovers into the fridge. Clean cutting boards, countertops, and utensils that come in contact with raw meat using hot water and soap. Clean up agricultural products, especially dark leaf vegetables, before serving.

When caring for a family member who has diarrhea, wash your hands thoroughly and often, especially before touching other people and eating or preparing food. Wash and sanitize toilets after use by a person with diarrhea. Also, if your dog or cat has diarrhea, wash your hands often and consult your veterinarian about your treatment.

When should I call my doctor?

Call your doctor if your child:

you have bloody diarrhea have vomiting have signs of dehydration / li> have high fever feel weak or have difficulty walking

With rest and care at home, most children with an infection by Campylobacter recovers completely and quickly.

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