TRÁS-OS-MONTES, sea of ​​rocks: May 2008


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He was born in Sabrosa, Trás-os-Montes.

figures of navigators during the period of the discoveries. He conceived, prepared and realized, in part, the most extraordinary of the voyages made: the first circumnavigation of the terrestrial globe. His armada left Seville, crossed the Atlantic towards the West, linked east with the Pacific, always to the West it crossed the Indian Ocean, connected it to the Atlantic and, finally, returned to Seville. , irrefutably, the sphericity of the Earth and that in the distribution of the Continents, the waters occupy more space than the mainland.

Born in Sabrosa around 1480, he was a gentleman from the background, son of Peter of Magellan. He went to Lisbon at the age of 12, where he was the page of the queen D. Leonor, wife of D. João II. At the age of 25 he was in the army of D. Francisco de Almeida, in India. He was in Quiloa and Sofala with this viceroy. In 1509 he went to Malacca and Sumatra. In that city he saved his friend Francisco Serrão's life. In 1511 he assisted D. Afonso de Albuquerque in the conquest of Malacca. By this time he tried to reach the Moluccas, but a shipwreck prevented him. Better luck had his friend Serrão who landed there. He exchanged correspondence with him and learned that on those islands the spices were more abundant and cheaper. In 1513 he returned to the kingdom and went to Africa to help in the conquest of Azamor. Portugal.

The agreement with Charles V of Castile.

On July 20, 1517 arrived in Seville. In December, he and Faleiro go to meet Charles V. He informed the Spanish monarch that according to his observations and contents of the letters of his friend Francisco Serrão from the Moluccas, they were rich in spices and were inside the hemisphere Castilian, having regard to the Treaty of Tordesillas. On March 22, 1518, the agreement and contract of the trip, which he proposed to carry out, was made in 74 articles. The Portuguese King, when he learned of everything, including blackmail and even authorization, gave him his assassination . Carlos V presented him and his friend Faleiro, with the commendation of Santiago. He gave them the title of governors of all the lands they discovered, and twenty of the future profits. He ordered five ships to be assembled, and the Portuguese were appointed captains of the navy, with unlimited powers and the annual salary of 96,000 maravedis.

The exit to the circum-navigation. Magellan left a six-month-old son and his pregnant wife. On September 20, 1519 the fleet left Seville for the Canaries. He passed through Cape Verde and arrived in Brazil on December 13 of that year.
January 10, 1520 was in the River Plate. In March, after tremendous storms, as the comrades wanted to give up, Magellan made a rude speech with threats to the rebels.

The Strait of Magellan.

On April 2 new revolt. In this, exercising the rights granted by the Castilian king, he arrested and killed the captain of the ship "Santo António". In August they lost one of the five ships. After several misfortunes, disorientations and dismay, the navy on November 28, 1520, emerged from a labyrinth of canals and ended the strait of a hundred leagues which History gave the name of its discoverer.

with death.

The Moluccas. Return to Seville.

He could not return to Spain by the Cape of Good Hope, the expedition continued to the Moluccas. Only one ship, "Victória", commanded by Sebastião del Cano, managed to return to Seville. The value of his cargo far exceeded the cost of the entire fleet. There was no more terrible life than Magellan's: fighting, distant navigation, flight, process, shipwreck, attempted murder, death at the hands of the barbarians

> in Belém, in a notary, on December 17, 1504, before the trip to India with the viceroy D. Francisco de Almeida. In it he says that his only heirs were his sister, husband and son, Luís Silva Telles. He declares the goods: a bond, in the house of Pereira, of Sabrosa, comarca of Vila Real, and his quinta do Souto , next to this village and overlooking the Vale da Porca, with the charge of 20 annual Masses, in the church of Sabrosa.

Another document is a testament made by Francisco Silva Telles, son of Luís Silva Telles, who declares to be in fear of the wrath of the king of Portugal, against his family (the monarch ordered the coat of arms of Magellan's house to be stung) and says he does not want his descendants, heirs of the House of Pereira in Sabrosa, to return arms or another coat of arms. Let them remain forever shallow, the said weapons, as they were at the moment, due to the crime of his uncle, Ferdinand Magellan, to have passed to Castile and discovered new lands, where he died. He also says that the weapons were stung in the time of his grandmother, D. Teresa de Magalhães, who shamefully moved to Maranhao where he made the will, on April 3, 1580.

Prof. Martinho Matos

  • Adam Floyd