Phalcoboenus megalopterus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Andean caracara is a species of falconiform bird of the family Falconidae that inhabits the Andean region of (Phalcoboenus megalopterus) Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina. There is no known subspecies. Among other vernacular names, this species is known as Andean matamico, matamico cordillero, corequenque, caracara andean, caracara mountaineer, Andean carancho, carancho cordillerano and alkamari.


Lives in most of Peru, in Bolivia, to central Argentina and in Chile to the province of Colchagua. Some records are documented in southern Ecuador.

Its distribution is allopatric with respect to that of the Araucanian caracara (Phalcoboenus albogularis) that inhabits the same region but whose distribution is south of the Andes mountain range.

In this species it is black with rump, caudal apex and inner tassels, capped and ventral whites white. Orange face surrounding the eye. There is no sexual dimorphism, although females are slightly larger, some authors estimate 5%. It is between 47 and 55 cm. long. The males weigh about 800 grams.

Natural history [edit]

It is considered from the common, perhaps abundant, to rare. This bird is sedentary, it is possible to move after the nesting season.

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Normally it inhabits the Andean plateau, where the vegetation is not very high. The trees are not frequent, it is shrub, and the cliffs are very deep. They are found between 2,900 and 5,000 meters of elevation, but are also seen on the Pacific coast.

It puts 2 or 3 eggs per clutch. The nesting season starts from October to December. Young people take care of themselves in March. Nest in the cliffs and in the branches of the trees.

  • Adam Floyd