China (pink) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

China also called China , is a group of ancient garden roses, based on Rosa chinensis , have been grown in East Asia for centuries. They have been cultivated in Western Europe since the 18th century. These contribute greatly to the filiation of hybrid roses today. and brought a change in the shape of the flowers that would later be grown in Europe.

Compared with the older classes of rose known in Europe, Chinese roses had fewer fragrant flowers, small fragrances in pairs, bushes more sensitive to cold. However, they could blossom repeatedly over the summer and into the late fall, unlike their European counterparts. The flowers of the Chinese roses also stood out for their tendency to "tan", or darken as they grow older unlike other flowers that tend to fade their color after opening.

This made them very suitable for hybridization purposes in the nineteenth century. According to Graham Stuart Thomas, China roses are the class on which modern roses are built. Modern exhibition roses owe their shape to the genes of China, and China roses also brought thin buds that unfold upon opening.

Old Rosales are the varieties that existed before the year 1867. They are little known in the market today. Little by little they are used more, because they are incredibly strong and robust.

They do not require a lot of care as they have less problems with pests and diseases.

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According to the historian of roses Brent Dickerson, the classification of tea is due to both marketing and botany; the nurserymen of the 19th century wanted to label their Asia-based cultivars as "teas" if they possessed the desirable tea flower shape, and "Chinas" if they did not. Like the Chinese group, teas are not resistant in colder climates. Examples: 'Lady Hillingdon', 'Maman Cochet', 'Duchesse de Brabant', 'Mrs. Foley Hobbs'


Chinese roses have appearances to ancient rose bushes.

Simple or double flowers, appearing alone or in groups of 2 to 13. Flowering from summer to fall

Small or medium shrubs remontantes of open, long and weak twigs. / p>

They have acuminate and shiny leaflets. They need protected position (very sensitive to cold). They are recommended for terraces and borders.

  • Adam Floyd