For First Time, Over Half of People with HIV Taking AIDS Drugs

This is the third case of a child with HIV who has remained healthy for some time without treatment.

For the next eight years the child didn't receive any antiretroviral medicine, but a follow-up analysis of stored blood samples taken during the interim showed that the virus had not returned.

UNAIDS, the United Nations HIV/AIDs agency, said last week that 19.5 million people worldwide are now receiving treatment, more than half of the 37 million patients with HIV.

As promising as the newest case is, the South African child is not cured, Cotton said.

The girl who participated in a statement said that "However, this new case strengthens our hope that by treating HIV infected children". Namely, they offered details on the status of a child born with HIV which, after being treated as an infant, is still in remission even nearly nine years later. Scientists and doctors, however, have yet to understand why and how the 40-week treatment (which was also given to 142 other children) worked for this child, whose identity remains anonymous.

However, researchers believe the South African case is the first instance of sustained virological control from a randomised trial of ART interruption following early treatment of infants.

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"By further studying the child, we may expand our understanding of how the immune system controls HIV replication", said Caroline Tiemessen from the National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) in Johannesburg.

"The fact that you can go so long without a rebound shows that it is possible to suppress the virus".

"Further study is needed to learn how to induce long-term HIV remission in infected babies", Fauci said.

Newly-reported cases of Filipinos carrying human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reached more than a thousand in May, according to the HIV and AIDS Registry of the Philippines (HARP) report. Since 2010, AIDS-related deaths have fallen by 42% and new HIV infections have declined by 29%, including a 56% drop in new HIV infections among children.

"We need to ensure increased access to ARV drugs are backed up by awareness raising at a community level, and better care for those who have been on treatment for years", Spiers said from this week's International AIDS Society (IAS) conference. She was tested when she was 9 ½ years old, and tests found signs of the virus in a small number of immune system cells, but none capable of reproducing.

Early therapy, which attacks the virus before it has a chance to fully establish itself in the child, has been implicated in two similar cases before the latest instance. "A new five-year Global Action Plan calls on all countries and partners to join efforts to prevent, monitor and respond to HIV drug resistance and to protect the ongoing progress towards the Sustainable Development Goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030". The child commenced ART at nine weeks of age, and at the end of the course of treatment, results indicated the viral load had been suppressed to undetectable levels.

  • Myrtle Hill