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- Scientific name or Latin: Buxus sempervirens

- Common or common name: Boj, Common Boj, Boje.

- Family: Buxaceae.

- Origin: originating in Europe, North Africa and West Asia.

- Box is distributed in dry and rocky hills and in scrub areas of SO and CO of Europe. In Spain mainly in the northeast quadrant. Abundant in some parts of Europe and North Africa.

- Evergreen and monoic long-lived shrub.

- Box height and diameter: 1m x 1.5m. It does not exceed 5 m in height.

- Very slow growth, even a few centimeters in a whole year.

- Box is a shrub of whole, opposite and coriaceous leaves.

- It has numerous rigid branches of light brown bark, usually deeply cracked.

- Opposite and leathery leaves 1.5-3 cm, dark green glossy by

- Small, whitish flowers with an unpleasant odor, arranged in axillary inflorescences of 5 mm in diameter.

Flowers without petals, in axillary inflorescences of several male flowers and a feminine.

- Leathery fruit in principle green and then brownish, the size of a chickpea, with three little horns and seeds of a glossy black. p>

- The fruit of the box is presented in capsule, with two seeds in each cavity. Each glomerulus has a feminine flower at the apex and several masculine flowers underneath them.

- Boxwood is used for engraving, sculpture and inlay, as it is very hard and homogeneous and has a

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- Dense wood, do not float in the water.

- Note: the leaves and seeds of the box are poisonous.

- Homeopathic properties , is used against rheumatism.

- There are numerous boxwood cultivars: 'Elegantissima', 'Faulkner', 'Handworthii', 'Latifolia maculata', 'Nana Hort', 'Rotondifolia', etc. < / P>

- Boxwood twigs are also used for the making of flower bouquets, for example, Table centers etc.

- It is often used in gardening for the formation of box hedges because it can withstand pruning and does not lose foliage in winter.

- In winter Prefers a cool temperature of 3 to 10 ° C.

- In spring and summer, it is necessary to take it out to the boxwood plant.

- BOX prefers exposures to semisombra, although it tolerates those of full sun;

- It adapts to all soils, but prefers those of neutral ph and limestone.

- Offers Good resistance to cold, wind and drought.

- Irrigation of the box: in summer, it is advisable to let the soil dry slightly before re-watering, always avoiding waterlogging.

- Apply fertilizer for green plants.

- The box is prone to suffer from fungal diseases.

- There is a plague in the box that eats leaves.

  • Adam Floyd